ToC and the wider picture

Funnell and Rogers have recently written a new book: Purposeful Programme Theory: effective use of Theories of Change and Logic Model (Sue C. Funnell and Patrica J. Rogers, 2011 published by Jossey-Bass).

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Comic Relief - Theory of Change review

This report was commissioned by Comic Relief and written by Cathy James, an independent consultant. It aims to draw together Comic Relief staff and partners’ experiences in using theory of change; to identify others in development that are using theory of change and analyse their different approaches and experience; and to capture learning from everyone to promote debate, and to help inform what agencies using or advocating for the use of theory of change do next. 

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Building Adult Capabilities to Improve Child Outcomes: A Theory of Change

This 5-minute video from the Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University depicts a theory of change from the Frontiers of Innovation community for achieving breakthrough outcomes for vulnerable children and families.

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UTZ's Theory of Change

UTZ Certified is a program and label for sustainable farming. Sustainable farming helps farmers, workers and their families to fulfill their ambitions and contributes to safeguarding the earth's natural resources, now and in the future. 

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Why people believe weird things

Why do people see the Virgin Mary on a cheese sandwich or hear demonic lyrics in "Stairway to Heaven"? Using video and music, skeptic Michael Shermer shows how we convince ourselves to believe — and overlook the facts

Tags: ToC Videos

Theory of Change: A Practical Tool For Action, Results and Learning

Author: Organizational Research Services (ORS)
Publication Date: 2004 

This publication addresses the need of every community for a roadmap for change. One recommended approach is to develop an outcome map, a visual diagram that depicts relationships between initiative strategies and intended results. This map would illustrate destinations of progress and the routes to travel on the way to achieving progress.

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A Theory of Social Change and Implications for Practice, Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation

Author: Doug Reeler
Year of publication: 2007

A theory of social change is proposed through this paper as one small contribution to a larger body of theorising.  This paper can be seen as an observational map to help practitioners, whether field practitioners or donors, including the people they are attempting to assist, to read and thus navigate processes of social change.  

Tags: Articles

Scale, Complexity and the Representation of Theories of Change: Part II

Author: Davies, Rick 
Publication Date: 2005 (Evaluation)

Because of the global scale and diversity of their work, international aid agencies face major problems when attempting to represent their plans and evaluate their achievements. In this second of two articles looking at types of change processes, the focus is on complex processes of change that include mutual influence, parallel processes and feedback loops.

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Scale, Complexity and the Representation of Theories of Change - Part I

Author: Davies, Rick 
Publication Date: 2004 (Evaluation) 

International aid agencies face major problems when attempting to evaluate their achievements. Activities, intended beneficiaries, partner institutions and social contexts are diverse because of their global scale. How can agencies' 'theories of change' be adequately represented in summary forms that respect the complexity and diversity?

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Mapping change - Using a theory of change to guide planning and evaluation

Author: Anne Mackinnon, Natasha Amott (Part of the GrantCraft series)
Publication Date: 2006 

Tags: Articles