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Scale, Complexity and the Representation of Theories of Change: Part II

Author: Davies, Rick 
Publication Date: 2005 (Evaluation)

Because of the global scale and diversity of their work, international aid agencies face major problems when attempting to represent their plans and evaluate their achievements. In this second of two articles looking at types of change processes, the focus is on complex processes of change that include mutual influence, parallel processes and feedback loops.

Tags: Articles

Scale, Complexity and the Representation of Theories of Change - Part I

Author: Davies, Rick 
Publication Date: 2004 (Evaluation) 

International aid agencies face major problems when attempting to evaluate their achievements. Activities, intended beneficiaries, partner institutions and social contexts are diverse because of their global scale. How can agencies' 'theories of change' be adequately represented in summary forms that respect the complexity and diversity?

Tags: Articles

Mapping change - Using a theory of change to guide planning and evaluation

Author: Anne Mackinnon, Natasha Amott (Part of the GrantCraft series)
Publication Date: 2006 

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CLEAR M&E Roundtable Series # 2 - Theory of Change

This roundtable was the second in a series of M&E roundtables organised by CLEAR South Asia on Best Practices in Data Collection. It provided an introduction to of experimental evaluation and quasi-experimental methods.

Tags: Reports

Review of the use of ‘Theory of Change’ in international development

Author: Isabel Vogel (for DFID)
Publication Date: 2012 

'Theory of change' is an outcomes-based approach which applies critical thinking to the design, implementation and evaluation of initiatives and programmes intended to support change in their contexts.

Learning about Theories of Change for the Monitoring and Evaluation of Research Uptake

Authors: Barnett, C. & Gregorowski, R. 
Publication date: September 2013

This IDS Practice Paper captures lessons from recent experiences on using 'theories of change' amongst organisations involved in the research-policy interface.

IPAL: Developing a theory of change. A guide to developing a theory of change as a framework for inclusive dialogue, learning and accountability for social impact.

Author: IPAL - Keystone
Publication date: 2009

This guide helps social purpose organizations to plan, monitor, evaluate and communicate their work in a way that makes practical sense of the complexity of social change processes and their measurement.

Tags: Articles

Guidance Note 3: Theory of Change approach to climate change adaptation programming

Authors: Bours, D., McGinn, C. & Pringle, P. (for SEA Change CoP, UKCIP)
Publication date: 2014

This Guidance Note describes the Theory of Change approach and explains why it is a good fit for climate change adaptation programming. It highlights its differences with the more familiar logic model / logical framework (‘logframe’) approaches – and also shows how they can be used together.