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QUESTION 9: How to facilitate a ToC process?

Facilitating a ToC process entails various elements. From our experience there are two elements we find essential: the facilitation process and ToC capacities. These cannot be separated, in the process a facilitator has to acknowledge present capacities and build new ToC capacities.

 

ToC process

In our experiences facilitation should start with acknowledging what is already present as ToC practice and ToC thinking capacity.

 

QUESTION 5: How to integrate gender analysis and planning in ToC thinking?

Gender inequality manifests itself through a complex web of forces, socially, culturally and historically entrenched in societies and relationships and cannot be changed by isolated interventions. Gender mainstreaming implies political change and redistribution of power and resources. Theory of Change thinking might be a helpful framework to include gender analysis and gender equality objectives in programme design in a more consistent way.

QUESTION 2: I am looking for practical examples. Which ones are there?

Are you looking for practical examples? We selected some for you. On the right hand side you will find examples from practice of organisations making use of Theory of Change thinking, or a Theory of Change approach.

 

Hivos Green Entrepreneurship 2013

Understanding Theory of Change in international development. A review of existing knowledge

Authors: Danielle Stein & Craig Valters
Publication date: July 2012

This paper reviews the concepts and common debates within the 'Theory of Change' literature, resulting from a detailed analysis of available donor, agency and expert guidance documents. A number of key issues are highlighted in the paper and these inform the collaborative research. 

Guidance Note 3: Theory of Change approach to climate change adaptation programming

Authors: Bours, D., McGinn, C. & Pringle, P. (for SEA Change CoP, UKCIP)
Publication date: 2014

This Guidance Note describes the Theory of Change approach and explains why it is a good fit for climate change adaptation programming. It highlights its differences with the more familiar logic model / logical framework (‘logframe’) approaches – and also shows how they can be used together.