How to design and implement a ToC process

Facilitating a ToC process entails various elements. From our experience there are two elements we find essential: the facilitation process and ToC capacities. These cannot be separated, in the process a facilitator has to acknowledge present capacities and build new ToC capacities.

Hivos Action Learning Community Reflection Notes

These three Reflection Notes are products of the Hivos Action Learning Community and are based on the collective experiences of its members in their work with organisations who are developing their theory of change.

Hivos ToC E-Dialogues

From 2011 to 2014, Hivos hosted a series of E-Dialogues on different aspects of ToC thinking. ToC practitioners from around the world gave contributions based on their experiences with ToC

Tags: E-Dialogues

Learning to use Participatory Action Research and Theory of Change together

In this blog post Boru Douthwaite comments on the challenge of programs tackling rural poverty and marginalization to effectively engage in complex systems. He goes on to describe a CGIAR-led agricultural research in development program that attempted to put critical reflection and learning at the centre of its implementation approach. Their innovation was to use participatory action research together with theory of change.

Process Oriented Theory of Change Facilitation. Surfing the Waves of Complexity

This paper explores the relationship between complexity thinking, group process facilitation, and the use of Theory of Change (ToC) from an action-learning perspective. For the purpose of this paper, Theory of Change is understood as a transformative actionthinking non-linear approach applied to complex social change processes.

Using a Theory of Scaling to Guide Decision Making

Towards a structured approach to support responsible scaling of innovations in the context of agrifood systems

Authors: Seerp Wigboldus with Jan Brouwers

Released: December 2016

#WhatWorks Blog: What is (good) program theory in international development?

Policy interventions are designed to ultimately benefit citizens, communities, institutions and society as a whole. To better understand how interventions can make a difference, for whom and under what circumstances, it is paramount that we develop useful and realistic abstractions (“theories”) of intervention realities. In a previous blog Jos Vaessen identified four symptoms of sub-optimal use of program theory in the design and evaluation of policy interventions in international development.

#WhatWorks Blog: Using ‘Theories of Change’ in international development

Find the first blog of a series on program theories by Jos Vaessen, advisor on evaluation methods at the World Bank Independent Evaluation Group (IEG). According to him, the term theory of change is probably the most popular expression used in the international development community, whereas he prefers the term program theory as it is less contentious.

Advocacy for Development: Effectiveness, Monitoring and Evaluation

This book makes available for practice the most important lessons from the evaluation of eight 'lobbying and advocacy' programs carried out over the past five years by alliances of civil society organisations working in international development.

Tags: Book

Making Markets Work for the Poor: How the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Uses Program Related Investments

Making Markets Work for the Poor is a collaboration between the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Paul Brest of Stanford Law School, and ImpactAlpha Inc. The Gates Foundation sponsored the project to share its experiences in program-related investments (PRI's) with others using investment tools as part of their social impact strategies.